“Respect the Remix”
Luckily, in my first post that I wrote in my Coetail first course, I observed with great happiness that I respected the intellectual property and I cited correctly, putting the names of all the authors, and respecting the copyright etiquette properly. However in this blog, I didn’t use any pictures or videos, so I might need to extend my observation to other posts as well when I use other digital information if the copyright is correct and if I mention the source.
I must be sincere, sometimes when I use an image of famous artwork to teach my children some knowledge about art history, I consider that for educational purposes I am entitled to use this image. Often I look at sources that are shared and they don’t have strict copyright rules. But I should consider and revise very carefully those rules.
In my opinion, I think it depends on the purpose of how you use an image. If you would like to reproduce and print 100 times for a commercial purpose, of course, it is illegal. If it is for an educational purpose, to inform people and teach some artistic skills or to refer to it in a context as art history, I think it is different. If I would print or open the information to a public view, it would be not permitted.
How to use digital information in the correct way?
Rosenthal Tolisano, who is an expert in Copyright topic, said:
“The following infographic chart was developed with an introduction of a New Era of Copyright Consciousness and a suggested simplified flow to follow:
- create your own media (then you don’t have to worry about infringing on someone else’s copyright)
- search for public domain media (then you don’t have to worry about copyright, since it has been voluntarily released or has expired. No worries about giving proper attribution or citing the source either)
- search within the Creative Commons domain (make sure you double check requirements under the license: attribution? non-derivative? non-commercial? etc.)
- determine if your use of the copyrighted material can fall under Fair Use?
His fantastic chart is a perfect guide for the people who are unsure and even for myself gave me so many answers. Please explore it and apply it to your teaching practice.
Copyright Flowchart (Rosenthal Tolisano).
I am very grateful to my COETAIL instructor, Joel Bevans, who brought this knowledge to our attention.
What is our role, as educators, in respecting the intellectual property of others
Our duty as educators is to teach the students to respect first the ideas of the others and their intellectual property. Always to mention the resources and to try our best to be original, creative and bring something new(new ideas, knowledge). Otherwise, it is stealing and it is not right.
It is true that in order to create something new you need to inform yourself, get inspired by and create a new reaction in response to what you know. Did you experience that by yourself? Because at least myself, as an artist I always feel so.
But as ISTE Standards for Educators, says
3.c “Educators mentor students in safe, legal and ethical practices with digital tools and the protection of intellectual rights and property.”
How can you inform your students and peers about the importance of respecting the intellectual property of others?
During my art classes, I encourage them to be original, to respect others’ ideas. I can inform my students about the importance of being original and that if we need to use an image, we must always put the” © “ symbol or mention the resource.
Do you see this as an issue in your school?
No, at our school this is not an issue. All the teachers are respecting intellectual property. My students are quite small, elementary students and I have never seen an act of plagiarism in their artworks.
How do we teach copyright in countries where international copyright law is not clearly defined or followed?
We try to appeal and refer to common sense and moral values of the people. We teach digital etiquette and how we should be respectful. We give an example and try to imagine how someone would feel to experience such a situation and we appeal to ethics.
What is our obligation as educators?
I think, that our obligation as educators is to teach the students, and people about intellectual property and about their copyrights to be respected. We should “model digital citizenship”(as Rosenthal Tolisano said). And very important is to encourage them to be creative, authentic and remix different knowledge.
What tools do the young children /people need nowadays to be integrated in the media culture?
I have to answer this question citing John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation in their article “Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture“
“Participatory culture shifts the focus of literacy from one of individual expression to community involvement. The new literacies almost all involve social skills developed through collaboration and networking. These skills build on the foundation of traditional literacy, research skills, technical skills, and critical analysis skills taught in the classroom.
The new skills include:
Play — the capacity to experiment with one’s surroundings as a form of problem-solving Performance — the ability to adopt alternative identities for the purpose of improvisation and discovery
Simulation — the ability to interpret and construct dynamic models of real-world processes Appropriation — the ability to meaningfully sample and remix media content Multitasking — the ability to scan one’s environment and shift focus as needed to salient details.
Distributed Cognition — the ability to interact meaningfully with tools that expand mental capacities
Collective Intelligence — the ability to pool knowledge and compare notes with others toward a common goal Judgment — the ability to evaluate the reliability and credibility of different information sources
Transmedia Navigation — the ability to follow the flow of stories and information across multiple modalities
Networking — the ability to search for, synthesize, and disseminate information Negotiation — the ability to travel across diverse communities, discerning and respecting multiple perspectives, and grasping and following alternative norms.”
I think those tools and skills should be used by the children in order to mingle and integrate into the media culture.
And now, that we know how to use information and copyright respectfully, and which skills do we need in order to be original and to address our ideas us to the public, we can go and feel free to explore and get inspired by other’s ideas, then mix it with our vision and create our own ideas. As my instructor, Joel Bevans said:
“Remixing leads to innovation.”